Traditional Chinese Medicine is individualized vital body medicine that looks at disease as disharmony and imbalance of vital energy movements. The vital energy or chi is the basic entity that we feel in the vital body. The chi includes two complementary aspects: yang and yin. Yang is the transcendent, wavelike character of chi: expansive, nonlocal, creative and heavenly. Yin is the immanent particle-like character of chi: contracted, localized, conditioned and earthly. Both yang and yin aspects are needed to express the full potency of chi. The basic self-help preventive principle of Chinese medicine is straightforward: Keep your yang (doing, movement) and yin (being, quiescence) in balance.

Disease in Chinese Medicine means imbalances in yin or yang and also of the vital energy chi level of the morphogenetic blueprint of the ten zang-fu organs (see figure). The chi at each vital blueprint corresponding to an organ is denoted by the organ name following by chi. For example, lung chi refers to the chi at the morphogenetic blueprint of lung, metal; however, the same chi is also called metal chi. There can be excess or deficiency of chi corresponding to an organ, there can also be stagnancy. All three conditions need to be corrected.

The energy imbalance at the affected organ could be corrected by employing herbal remedies, diet, Tui Na therapeutic massage, cupping, moxibustion and/or acupuncture. Acupuncture is healing by puncturing the skin at various points with tiny needles. Acupuncture works not because the skin intrusion induced by acupuncture affects nerve signals, but because the skin puncture is able to influence vital energy movements. The puncture first affects the vital energy flow in the meridians (pathways of chi) correlated to the physical body at the skin, and second, through interior connections, the vital energy flow in the meridians inside the body connecting the vital blueprints of organs.